Allergic diseases - treatment in Russia

Allergic diseases are a group of diseases caused by an individual’s hypersensitivity to certain foreign substances – allergens and occurring with the development of an IgE-mediated reaction of the immune system. The prerequisites for the occurrence of allergies are high specificity (reaction strictly to certain antigens), sensitization (hypersensitivity to this allergen) and repeated exposure of the body to the allergen.

The ethological classification of allergic diseases is based on the isolation of a causally significant allergen; within the framework of it, food, household, insect, drug, infectious allergies are differentiated. According to the method of penetration into the body, aeroallergens, contact, oral, injection allergens are distinguished. Taking into account the conditions in which the allergic reaction has developed, household, professional, seasonal allergies are distinguished. Depending on the primary lesion of a particular organ system, the following groups of allergic diseases are distinguished: allergic dermatoses (atopic dermatitis, eczema, urticaria, etc.), intestinal allergies (allergic enterocolitis), respiratory (allergic rhinitis, allergic tracheobronchitis, bronchial asthma), acute allergic reactions (angioedema, anaphylactic shock).

Symptoms of various allergic diseases are due to common pathogenetic mechanisms: the release of mast cell mediators and basophils into the tissues or into the blood, which cause characteristic vascular and smooth muscle reactions: edema, hyperemia, itching, hypotension, difficulty breathing. In this case, the specific form of allergy depends on the organ or tissue in which the allergen comes into contact with immunoglobulin E, which is fixed on the cell surface. If this happens in the respiratory tract, a clinic of allergic rhinitis or bronchial asthma may develop, in the conjunctiva of the eye – allergic conjunctivitis, in the superficial layers of the dermis – urticaria, in the subcutaneous tissue – Quincke’s edema, etc. Since allergic diseases have extremely diverse manifestations, in In their work, allergists are in close contact with dermatologists, pulmonologists, otolaryngologists, gastroenterologists, ophthalmologists, nutritionists and doctors of other specialties.

Specific diagnostics of allergic diseases consists in collecting an allergic anamnesis, conducting allergy testing (allergy tests and provocative tests), determining general and allergen-specific IgE, and, if necessary, performing functional studies (spirometry with samples, peak flowmetry). After identifying the causative allergen, it is necessary to take immediate measures to eliminate it, that is, to completely exclude contact with a substance that provokes an allergic disease. To this end, it may be necessary to change food habits, refuse to use certain cosmetics, get rid of upholstered furniture and carpets in the house, stop taking certain medications, change the field of professional activity, etc. Modern principles of treatment of allergic diseases provide for specific hyposensitization (ASIT) by introducing allergens into the body in gradually increasing doses. After a full course of ASIT, stable remission can be achieved in 70-80% of cases. For non-specific therapy of allergic diseases, various groups of drugs are used: antihistamines, cromones, corticosteroids, bronchodilators, etc. Acupuncture, climatotherapy, homeopathy, herbal medicine are used from non-drug methods.

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26 Hospitals

Here you can find information about Russian hospitals that treat Allergic diseases.

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JSC Medicine (Clinic of Academician Roitberg)
Academic approach to treatment. Expert level. The international cooperation. Individual approach to everyone. More than 15 service programs. No queues. Government Prize. 5 * clinic.
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Clinical Hospital “Mother and Child” in Tyumen
Clinical Hospital "Mother and Child" in Tyumen is a multidisciplinary hospital for the whole family. We have united within one walls the services of specialists, the possibility of examination and treatment for the whole family at all stages of life. By ensuring professional continuity and a collegial approach to treatment.
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Private children’s clinic EMC
Private Children's Clinic EMC offers the assistance of specialists in all major medical fields: pediatricians, neurologists, otorhinolaryngologists, ophthalmologists, gastroenterologists, cardiologists, dermatologists, endocrinologists, allergists, psychotherapists, surgeons and many others.
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Children’s clinic MEDSI on Pirogovskaya
Everything for the health of our little patients! One of the leading private children's clinics in Russia, located in the center of Moscow Multidisciplinary medical center for children from birth to 18 years old.
SM-Clinic (Cheremushki)
SM-Clinic on Novocheremushkinskaya str. (Novye Cheremushki metro station) is a multidisciplinary medical center for adults and children opened in September 2019. The clinic is a six-storey building with an area of about 7,000 square meters and is equipped with modern high-tech equipment.
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SMT-Clinic
SMT-Clinic is a universal medical center. Here you can solve any health problem - from the simplest to the most difficult. Here you can and should be treated with the whole family: we are waiting for everyone, from newborns to pensioners. Both children and their parents and grandparents will receive high-quality diagnostics. In one place, quickly and comfortably.

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