Eye diseases - treatment in Russia
Eye diseases can occur at any age: they can be genetically determined, congenital, acquired. In children, a significant decrease and loss of vision leads to a delay in mental development, negatively affects the speech function, the motor sphere in the future, forms distorted, fuzzy, fragmentary ideas about the surrounding reality, makes it difficult to establish social ties and behavioral skills in society. In this regard, the system of early care in ophthalmology provides for screening of newborns, young children, preschool and school age in order to identify subclinical signs of eye diseases (retinopathy of prematurity, strabismus, amblyopia, glaucoma, cataracts, myopia, farsightedness, etc.) and the provision of early corrective medical and pedagogical assistance.
Acquired eye diseases can be associated with general and infectious human diseases: vitamin A deficiency, measles rubella, diabetes mellitus, trauma, chronic foci of bacterial infection, hypertension, atherosclerosis, renal pathology, neurological diseases, pathology of pregnancy, etc. ophthalmology diagnoses eye diseases characterized by abnormalities in the optical apparatus of the eye – hyperopia, presbyopia, myopia, astigmatism, etc. A large group of eye diseases is inflammatory pathology of various structures of the organ of vision – conjunctivitis, keratitis, blepharitis, iridocyclitis, retinitis, uvulemitis, endophthaemitis etc. Traumatic damage to the structures of the eye is extremely dangerous in its consequences – burns, mechanical damage to the eyes, the ingress of foreign bodies.
Eye diseases can develop acutely or gradually, suddenly declaring themselves with a sharp decrease in vision. This kind of pathology, first of all, includes diseases of the neurovascular apparatus of the eye: atrophy of the optic nerve, ischemic neuropathy of the optic nerve, occlusion of the retinal arteries and veins, chorioretinal dystrophy, etc. age, chronic diseases of the heart and blood vessels, metabolic diseases, unfavorable environmental conditions, stress, smoking, deficiency of vitamins and rare trace elements (zinc, selenium), etc.
The last decades have been marked by the rapid development of ophthalmology. At the disposal of specialists today are modern equipment, innovative technologies, minimally invasive techniques. To identify eye diseases, a wide range of diagnostic techniques is used – test, biometric, ultrasound, electrophysiological, X-ray, optical, laboratory, etc. Laser devices used for vision correction, treatment of corneal and retinal pathology, glaucoma and cataracts have found wide application in eye surgery. … Traditional medical manipulations, hardware methods of vision correction, microsurgical techniques for treating eye diseases have not lost their relevance in ophthalmology. Today, most surgical interventions in ophthalmology can be performed on an outpatient basis.
If you haven’t find the disease you are searching for or you have any other questions our managers are ready consult you free of charge 24/7
Here you can find information about Russian hospitals that treat Eye diseases.