Oncological diseases - treatment in Russia (46 hospitals, prices 2024, photos and addresses of clinics, etc.)

Oncological diseases - treatment in Russia

Oncological diseases include tumor processes of various localization and histological structure. In a broad sense, they combine benign and malignant neoplasms, but practical oncology specializes mainly in the treatment of malignant tumors. Currently, oncological diseases are significantly “rejuvenated” and are truly epidemic in nature, therefore, the search for ways to prevent them, early detection and treatment is an urgent interdisciplinary problem. To solve it, narrow areas are distinguished within individual medical specialties – oncogynecology, oncourology, oncodermatology, onco-ophthalmology, neuro-oncology, etc.

There are many forms of tumors that differ in localization, cell structure, degree of aggressiveness, characteristics of the course and prognosis, and a number of other factors. In oncology, tumors are usually divided into benign, conditionally benign (borderline) and malignant. Benign neoplasms are characterized by relatively slow growth, no tendency to metastasis, and a good prognosis. These types of tumors include fibromas, lipomas, nevi, papillomas, leiomyomas, neuromas, chondromas, angiomas, and many others. dr.

Conditionally benign tumors also do not metastasize, however, they have the ability to degenerate into cancerous and recurrent after removal. Examples of such oncological diseases are adenomatous polyps of the stomach, atypical moles, cutaneous horn, senile keratosis, Bowen’s disease, etc. Malignant tumors are characterized by invasive growth, invasion of surrounding tissues, metastasis, recurrence. These types of tumors include cancer (carcinoma), sarcoma, lymphoma.

Every year in the world, oncopathology is diagnosed in about 10 million people, and 8 million patients die from some form of cancer. According to the WHO, the “rating” of the most common oncological diseases is as follows. Thus, the most common “female” type of cancer is breast cancer; it is closely followed by cervical cancer. The absolute leader among male oncopathology is prostate cancer.

The most frequently diagnosed and deadly types of cancer, regardless of gender, are recognized: lung cancer, colon cancer, stomach cancer and liver cancer. Less common causes of death are cancer of the bladder and kidney, pancreas, leukemia, melanoma. Leukemia, neuroblastoma, Wilms tumor, lymphoma, osteosarcoma, retinoblastoma prevail among oncological diseases of childhood.

Today, there are many known reasons leading to the development of malignant tumors. Among them are unfavorable heredity, environmental problems, industrial and household hazards, stress, poor nutrition, unhealthy habits, an inactive lifestyle, viral diseases, etc. At the same time, studies show that about 80% of risk factors are potentially removable, i.e. e most cases of cancer can be prevented. This requires the efforts of not only oncologists, but, above all, of the individual himself.

For the purpose of early detection of oncological diseases, regular preventive medical examinations are offered, periodic medical examinations of a certain contingent of persons are carried out, and comprehensive oncological screening programs for men and women (“onco check-up”) are being developed and implemented. All persons over 40 years of age need to undergo prophylactic oncological examination once every 2 years, and for people with a burdened background – annually. The most frequent studies included in oncological screening are the determination of blood tumor markers (CEA, AFP), ultrasound of the abdominal cavity and kidneys, thyroid gland, fluorography, FGDS, colonoscopy. For women, consultation with a gynecologist, ultrasound of the pelvic organs, colposcopy, cytological smear, determination of CA 15-3 and CA-125, mammography are required; for men – consultation with a urologist, determination of PSA and ultrasound of the prostate.

The study of oncological diseases in developed countries today is one of the priority areas of medicine, and significant progress has been achieved in this direction. Along with traditional methods of treatment of oncological diseases (surgical removal of tumors and metastases, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy), effective methods of physical impact on tumor tissue are used (cryoablation, laser therapy, high-intensity focused ultrasound, hyperthermia, etc.). A promising trend in oncology is cancer immunotherapy using monoclonal antibodies, antitumor vaccines, activated T-lymphocytes, etc. etc.

Each patient should remember that cancer is not a sentence, and in the early stages, most tumors can be completely cured.

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46 Hospitals

Here you can find information about Russian hospitals that treat Oncological diseases.

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Botkin City Clinical Hospital
Botkin Hospital admitted its first patients back in 1910; it is one of the oldest clinics in the city. Honorary citizen of Moscow Kozma Terentyevich Soldatenkov gave two million roubles for the construction of a "free hospital without distinction of ranks, class and religions". The hospital bore his name till 1920, when it was renamed Botkin Hospital in honor of the founder of the Russian therapeutic school – Sergei Petrovich Botkin.
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Center for therapeutic fasting on Lake Baikal “Ayurmedica”
UDT (Unloading and dietary therapy, therapeutic fasting) is a method of non-drug treatment, recovery and cleansing of the body. The methodology followed in our institution was developed by Professor Y.S. Nikolaev. Our medical building is located 100 meters from Lake Baikal. Beautiful views from the window are an additional pleasant bonus.

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State Budgetary Healthcare Institution “Volgograd Regional Clinical Oncological Dispensary”
Volgograd Regional Clinical Oncological Dispensary is a modern and technologically advanced center, which uses advanced technologies and capabilities of the most modern types of medical equipment. The dispensary is a closed-loop complex that provides a full range of services for the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of patients. The institution participates in the implementation

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Euromed Clinic
Euromed Clinic. We follow European healthcare standards English-speaking doctors with a medical practice background in Europe and the USA Euromed is a Western-type clinic. We work with most diplomatic missions of European countries in St. Petersburg, branches and representative offices of Western companies, largest hotels, tour operators, and shipping agencies.

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Scientific and Medical Research Center of Endocrinology of Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation
The National Medical Research Center of Endocrinology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation is engaged in the diagnosis and treatment of endocrine system disorders in children and adults
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Siberian District Medical Centre of FMBA of Russia
The Federal State Budgetary Healthcare Institution "Siberian Regional Medical Center of the Federal Medical and Biological Agency" was established in 1926. At present, it is one of the most technologically advanced centers, using the up-to-date medical solutions and information technologies in the real-case scenarios.
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