Urological diseases - treatment in Russia
Urological diseases of men, women, children and the elderly have their own characteristics of development and course, which is explained by the anatomical, physiological and age characteristics of their organisms. Among the pathology of the male genitourinary system, inflammatory processes (orchitis and epididymitis, urethritis, balanoposthitis, prostatitis, cystitis), prostate adenoma, and genital infections are more common. Female urological diseases are urethritis, cystitis, sexually transmitted infections and their consequences. Both men and women have urolithiasis, pyelonephritis, tumors of the genitourinary organs, chronic renal failure. In childhood, congenital anomalies of the genitourinary system, cystitis and enuresis are more common. Among the urological problems in the elderly, urinary incontinence and neoplastic formations come to the fore.
The most common manifestations of diseases of the genitourinary system are urinary disorders (increased frequency or delay), pain in the lumbar region, in the genital area, burning and itching of the genitals, abnormal discharge from the urethra, sexual dysfunction, change in the amount or color of urine, edema.
Diseases of the genitourinary system are by no means harmless. Their consequences lead to the development of chronic foci of infection, impotence, infertility, the need for a donor kidney transplant, and even death. For a man, a urologist is as important a doctor as a gynecologist is for a woman. Therefore, regardless of complaints, visits to the urologist should be regular, at least 1-2 times a year.
Modern diagnostic capabilities of urology are very great. Laboratory methods are used to study urine and urethral discharge, ultrasound and X-ray diagnostics, endoscopic (urethroscopy and cystoscopy), instrumental (puncture biopsy, catheterization, bougienage), measuring diagnostic methods (cystometry, urofluometry), etc.
Treatment of urogenital pathology has its own specific characteristics. Since many urological diseases are sexually transmitted, both sexual partners need to undergo appropriate treatment. Diseases of the genitourinary system are an intimate sphere of human life, therefore, the doctor is required to show maximum sensitivity and psychological support to patients in their treatment. Urological diseases affect the sexual function of men and women, therefore, their adequate and timely treatment allows you to maintain sexual health and family well-being. Surgical treatment of urological problems can be aimed not only at normalizing the functioning of the genitourinary apparatus, but also at aesthetic correction, which allows patients to get rid of many psychological complexes.
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Here you can find information about Russian hospitals that treat Urological diseases.