ENT (eye, nose, throat) diseases - treatment in Russia
Diseases of the ear, nose and throat accompany a person from early childhood throughout life. For the most part, these diseases are inflammatory in nature, since the ENT organs are closely connected and are in constant interaction with the environment. The mucous membranes of the ENT organs contain a large number of opportunistic microorganisms, which, at the slightest imbalance in the body, turn into pathogenic and lead to disease.
Among the most common diseases of the nasal cavity are adenoids, rhinitis, sinusitis, sinusitis, trauma to the nasal septum, and nosebleeds. Of the ear diseases, otitis media, tympanitis, eustachitis, and traumatic injuries are common. Common diseases of the throat include laryngitis, pharyngitis, chronic tonsillitis, and other acute and chronic conditions. Metropolitan areas with their great overcrowding and poor ecology are a particularly favorable background for the development of ENT diseases.
Diseases of the ear, nose and throat are often complications of previous viral infections and develop against the background of a weakened immune system. Each of the numerous diseases of the ENT organs has its own symptoms and clinical picture. Particular vigilance should be caused by the appearance of the following symptoms: persistent headaches, swollen submandibular lymph nodes, sore throat and ears, impairment of hearing and smell, difficulty in nasal breathing, nasal or ear discharge. If, after a cold, several of the listed symptoms are present at once, then we can talk about advanced inflammation.
Delaying treatment or self-treatment of any ENT pathology is fraught with serious health consequences. Disease of one of these organs can cause complications from the other. Often a banal runny nose causes complications such as otitis media or sinusitis. Therefore, their treatment should always be interconnected and complex. Prolonged inflammation of the nose, ear and throat can also cause damage to other organs: heart, kidneys, joints. In addition, the anatomical proximity to the brain and eyes, the developed innervation and blood supply to the head makes ENT diseases one of the most serious in terms of the development of life-threatening complications.
Modern methods for the diagnosis of ENT pathology include laboratory tests, endoscopic and computer studies of the nose, throat, and ear, ultrasound, puncture of the paranasal sinuses.
The most important task in the treatment of otolaryngological diseases is to prevent the transition of the disease into a chronic form. In the treatment of ENT pathology, therapeutic (medication, physiotherapy) and surgical methods are used. In recent years, minimally invasive laser and endoscopic methods have been actively used for the treatment of otolaryngological pathology, as well as methods of cosmetic and plastic surgery.
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Here you can find information about Russian hospitals that treat ENT (eye, nose, throat) diseases.